Timothy T. Hamon
Leadership of organizations is primarily concerned with making the organization more effective. Leadership theory suggests that leaders should devote resources to building positive relationships among members of the organization to enhance organizational effectiveness. In this study, relationships among members was measured by Social Network Analysis. Organizational effectiveness was defined in terms of organizational goal attainment from members' perspective. Surprisingly, no support was found for the position that member relations explain organizational effectiveness. There were no significant correlations of organizational effectiveness to inter-member relationships based on social network position measures of degree, closeness, or betweenness. This finding may point to a possible inconsistency in leadership theory and may inform practitioners regarding leadership's appropriate role in member relations building.
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