Third Culture Kids and Host Country Nationals: The Impact of Sociocultural Values, Multiculturalism, and Self-Efficacy on the Motivation to Lead in a Globalized World
This study investigated the connection between cognitive ability (GPA), multicultural personality (MPQ), sociocultural values (INDCOL), self-efficacy (NGSE), and subsequent motivation to lead (MTL) between third culture kids (TCKs) and other children. The data collected were gathered using four instruments: the MPQ Instrument (Van der Zee & Van Oudenhoven, 2000), the NGSE Instrument (Chen, Gully, & Eden, 2001), the MTL Instrument (Chan, 1999), and the INDCOL Instrument (Singelis, Triandis, Bhawuk, & Gelfand, 1995). The difference between the means of the two groups was statistically significant for only MPQ; however, the linear combinations of the proposed variables were significantly related to MTL for both the TCK and non-TCK groups. There was also a statistically significant linear relationship between the dependent variable of MTL, the independent variables of MPQ and GPA, and the mediating variable NGSE for both groups; however, a statistically significant relationship between INDCOL and MTL was not found for either group. While demand for leaders who are developed to the next level of cultural effectiveness (Graen & Hui, 1999) and who are able to cross cultures and effectively lead in a variety environments continues to increase, this research does not conclude that TCKs are the only candidates for such leadership roles. It does, however, suggest a multicultural background plays a significant role in determining motivation to lead in an international setting, a finding that should be built upon in the continued search for the effective multicultural and multinational leader. The full findings, their implications, limitations, and recommendations for future research are offered herein.
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