A Study of the Relationship Between Spiritual Leadership Theory
and Transformational Leadership
Spirituality and its application to workplace culture is a compelling issue for management practitioners and academicians as contemporary research has suggested that the spiritual domain is an integral element of leadership. Specifically, scholars have advocated that spiritual leadership theory (SLT) incorporates and extends the characteristics associated with transformational leadership. However, little empirical work has been completed on the topic. For example, the construct validity of the spiritual leadership causal model (Fry, 2003, 2005a, 2008; Fry, Vitucci, & Cedillo, 2005; Fry & Whittington, 2005) has been subject to limited examination. The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which the variables contained within SLT are related to transformational leadership behaviors of leaders as perceived by leaders and followers. The study also examines the relationship between self-reported levels of spiritual leadership and a leader‘s perceived spiritual well-being and concern for spirituality. In addition, followers are asked to assess the effectiveness of the leader to establish a relationship between spiritual leadership and leadership effectiveness. The study examines the moderating effects of spiritual health and leader concern for spirituality on the relationship between transformational and spiritual leadership and leadership effectiveness. Using a sample population of almost 150 self-identified leaders and over 350 followers, multivariate analysis is applied to provide insight to the spiritual leadership construct.
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